CIT History & Facts
- CIT was developed in Memphis in 1988 as a model for patrol response to a psychiatric crisis.
- CIT is recognized by the Department of Justice and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) as a best practice for law enforcement and community response to psychiatric crisis.
- Research outcomes include decreased officer injury rates, decreased use of force, decreased arrest rates; decreased use of seclusion and restraint, decreased involuntary commitment, and improved treatment compliance.
- Model is based on community collaboration and recognition of law enforcement as part of the team.
- Now in its 26th year!
- NAMI Maine secures grant in 2000.
- Portland Police Department develops initial CIT Program in 2002 in collaboration with NAMI Maine, Ingraham and Spring Harbor.
- It expanded to Augusta, Westbrook and South Portland in 2003.
- Adaptation of CIT to rural Maine.
- Adaptation of CIT to Corrections.
- First state in the nation to adopt CIT in Corrections.
- Recipeint of SAMHSA 2007 Science to Service Award